How many quills does a hedgehog have? When did it appear on planet Earth? How many teeth are in your mouth? We tell you many surprising things about this cute animal. The hedgehog is a small mammal that barely weighs half a kilo and draws attention for its characteristic spikes, which it uses as a defensive weapon by curling up into a ball when it perceives possible danger, and for its friendly face. For many years it has been kept as a pet in our country but you should know that today it is illegal .
The hedgehogs is not a pet in Spain
Although there are approximately 17 species of hedgehogs , the two most commonly known are the African pygmy hedgehog or Atelerix Albiventris and the long-eared or Egyptian hedgehog, whose scientific name is Hemiechinus Auritus , and for many years they have been one more in some Spanish homes. . Since the publication in the BOE of Royal Decree 630/2013 , which regulates the Spanish Catalog of invasive alien species , in Spain the possession, reproduction and commercialization (or transfer. This word is usually used to cover up a sale) of these two species of hedgehog. They are considered invasive and therefore harmful to the biodiversity of the country . People who declared having a hedgehog one year after the regulations came into force did not commit any illegality. Before 2013, in our country it was and still is illegal to own a Moorish hedgehog or a common one, as well as to take a specimen from the field and take it home.
Able to fight vipers
Having said that, we are dealing with a surprising little animal , capable of even facing vipers and, in many cases, withstanding their poison if bitten or stung and that will not give up the fight using its powerful armor ; a mammal that has been living on planet Earth for a very long time, more specifically 5 million years and that loves to eat insects and sleep during the day . He doesn’t have the eyesight of a lynx, no, but he does have the ability to perceive ultrasound and a good sense of smell. If you are very curious about this little animal, be sure to visit the gallery of 20 photos below. Some anecdotal data will leave you speechless.
How many quills does a hedgehog have?
The hedgehog has between 5,000 and 7,000 quills that it uses as a defense technique. The muscles housed in its back are what allow the animal to remove or hide the quills.
Strong immunity to poison
The hedgehog has a strong immunity to viper venom, which does not mean that on certain occasions the bite of the reptile cannot end its life. Its resistance to snake venom is between 35 and 45 times higher than that of a guinea pig and it is capable of tolerating doses of arsenic that could kill 25 people .
The hedgehog dares with the vipers
It is surprising but in many confrontations in nature between hedgehog and viper, the winner is the hedgehog. The barbed technique consists of continuously irritating the viper so that it bumps into her armor so many times that she ends up badly injured. When the viper is very weak, the hedgehog attacks it.
He also snores!
Yes, when sleeping, the hedgehog can snore. Also dream!
The hedgehog is a nocturnal animal that spends most of the day sleeping.
Poor eyesight, excellent hearing
The hedgehog does not exactly have lynx vision (this is better at night) but it is capable of hearing frequencies between 250 and 60,000 hz , that is, ultrasound. He also has a good sense of smell.
When it appeared?
The hedgehog has been on planet Earth for approximately 15 million years , almost nothing.
The hedgehog is a solitary animal that usually joins with its own species only to reproduce.
This ritual is that when the hedgehog perceives a new smell, it will go to the source of that smell, smell it and bite it. It will then rub its quills with the foamy saliva it has generated in its mouth.
How many teeth does a hedgehog have?
The African hedgehog has 36 small, sharp teeth.
There are approximately 17 species of hedgehogs and the most frequently kept as pets in Spain are the African pygmy hedgehog and the long-eared hedgehog. Since 2013 they are prohibited.
There are some hedgehogs whose quills are cream-colored. They are quite rare but they do occur on Alderney, one of the Channel Islands. This rare tone is a consequence of a recessive gene.
All the while sniffing
The hedgehog is continually sniffing, moving its nose from side to side.
The hedgehog can hibernate
The hedgehog can hibernate for about 128 days and while they do so their body temperature can drop to 2ºC.
Sensitive to noise and sudden movements
The first thing a hedgehog will do when faced with a sudden movement or an unexpected noise is to curl up into a ball to protect itself with its quills . It will also make a sound like rapid breathing.
Forbidden to have a Moorish hedgehog
In Spain it is forbidden to have a Moorish hedgehog or a common hedgehog.
African pygmy hedgehog
The African pygmy hedgehog is a mix of African hedgehog and Moorish hedgehog. You cannot have a pet.
Nor a hedgehog that you find
It is obvious, but it is worth emphasizing that you cannot tear a hedgehog out of its natural habitat either, that is, you cannot pick up and take home a hedgehog that you find while walking through the countryside.
In some areas of the United States, keeping hedgehogs is illegal.
In states like Georgia, California and Arizona (USA) hedgehogs are considered wild animals and it is illegal to keep them as pets.
loves to eat insects
And thanks to this it is very well accepted when it sneaks into an English garden.
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